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Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
News in Brief
While indignation may be your immediate reaction to H.R. 5780, the Protecting the Integrity of Medicare Act of 2014, the American Chiropractic Association suggests the legislation is just what the chiropractic profession needs.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
The Conscious Evolution of Healing: Importance of Opening the Sensory Portals in Classical Chinese Medicine
The Chinese medical classics are not just clinical guides. They give advice; ways we can awaken more fully into conscious awareness.
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
Happy New Year 2015 Gong Hoy Fat Choi
Welcome to the year of the sheep! We begin a new year guided by the sign of a quietly and creatively organized animal.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
February, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 02
"Selling" Gentle Massage to Clients with Cancer
By Tracy Walton, LMT, MS
Sometimes, even the most thoughtful message, delivered with the best intentions, will disappoint a client. As a massage therapist, it can be tough to weather that moment. How do we break the news, when a client's health calls for a gentle session?
In our oncology massage clinic, a new client told us she had a long massage history. She also checked "Yes," under chemotherapy on the health form, and wrote "A little walking, light housework," under a question about activity level. She was extremely fatigued. We knew the client needed a gentle session. Yet, when asked her likes and dislikes about massage, she praised deep tissue work and asked for deep pressure and focused work in our training clinic. She said she was stiff and sore and craved a deep massage.
There it is. The Moment.
Zoom in on that "crave a deep massage" moment and you can see it teetering. It could fall anywhere. So many important things are poised: ethics, client safety, conflict, agreement, client expectations and possible disappointment, client satisfaction, the health of the therapeutic relationship and even therapist liability.
The student therapist had been coached to expect this. She channeled all the role plays we did and took a deep, centering breath. She nodded at her client and said something like, "I definitely understand the request for deep work. This time, because you are in chemotherapy, I need to work gently with you. We don't know how my work will interact with your body and your current chemotherapy treatment, so it's important to go gently with our pressure."
Clearing her throat, the therapist tried again. "There are many new things at play here. I haven't worked with you before and never during chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is strong treatment, as you know, and can bring about a 'new normal,' such as the fatigue you are experiencing. Clients in cancer treatment, even those who are used to stronger pressure, tell us that the gentler, careful work is what makes them feel better. It might take a little adjustment at first, but it can still be deeply relaxing — a great session."
At this, the client narrowed her eyes and crossed her arms. "But I don't want gentle work. It's not going to do anything for my soreness that way! You don't have to treat me like I'm going to break, just because I have cancer. I'm the same person as before."
By now, in cases like these, both the client and therapist have become tense. Not the friendliest beginning to a massage session.
Conflict and Client Expectations
Most massage therapists entered this line of work hoping to bring comfort and happiness to clients; it's tough to disappoint someone before they even get on the table. It's not a good feeling for either party. And yet, we simply can't honor all client requests, especially those that put client safety at risk. Even if they believe we are being too cautious. Even if they think we are unfairly treating them differently. I believe it is Gayle MacDonald who first stated that these situations require us to take a greater leadership role.
This is counter to the expectation of "client-centered care," and to the saying, "the customer is always right," and can even run up against our employer's expectations of us. At times, the fear of angering someone we are supposed to comfort, of losing business or the simple fear of taking an unpopular view can make us shrink from the responsibility to work gently.
Most of us aren't fans of conflict, and yet a moment of conflict can become a learning moment. It takes good skills in clinical reasoning and communication to send that moment off in the right direction. It also takes a bit of salesmanship.
Reasons to Work Gently
While the fear of massage possibly being able to spread cancer is thankfully on its way to becoming an old wives' tale in both the massage community and the lay community, there is still a long list of massage modifications for different cancer treatment presentations. In most cases, even a standard "relaxation massage" might be too much for a body to handle while going through treatment. Multiple body systems are affected during and after treatment and massage that is too forceful or taxing to the body can cause the client to feel worse physically and possibly increase their stress.
Even a client who "looks healthy" or has "good numbers" in terms of blood counts may not respond well to strong massage. There is no certain way we can truly predict what effect a massage might have on them. Sometimes, a massage might even feel wonderful on the table at the time, only to be followed with flu-like symptoms a few hours later.
In the case of the client example above, the therapist had to "dial down" a relaxation massage even further, with lighter pressure (think of the pressure you would use to rub lotion into the skin) and slower speeds. Even rhythms, gradual transitions and other factors are softened for the person in treatment.
There are many reasons to shift into this dialed-down mode and plenty of massage literature to support it. Reasons include bone metastasis, vital organ involvement and low platelets. There are strict precautions regarding pressure and direction at certain sites in cases of lymph node biopsy, radiation and DVT risk. Some cancer treatments have late effects, spanning decades after treatment, and massage adaptations are lifelong. Moreover, in a setting where little or no client health history is known, it's critical to dial down the session because of limited information.
With so many reasons to work gently during cancer treatment (and beyond) it's important to be able to communicate them to clients. But sometimes, the trickiest part is "selling" all of these points to our client who is convinced they want a vigorous massage because they don't want to settle for something "fluffy." Or they had heard that deep work would "clear the chemotherapy toxins out of their body."
The selling we must do here does not need to drum up the sound of a sleazy pitch. This is something that comes with our job as massage therapists. We are selling safe yet still effective massage to our clients and our words don't have to be creepy or uncomfortable. We do, however, use good communication wrapped in sensitivity and we assume a leadership role to deliver the message with confidence and ease.
Explaining the reasons behind dialing down the massage approach can often help to defuse some of the tension. Here are some of the phrases we use in our training:
Indeed, letting a client know what we can safely do during their session (perhaps spending extra time and a little more pressure on the feet, or a few gentle squeezes at the shoulders or a long stretch of gentle scalp massage) can ease the feeling of a long list of can't-dos and limits. The right tone can make it feel more like a friendly compromise, with still plenty of good things coming their way. Sometimes, it can be our words even more than our touch that can help the healing process along, and with that, our clients with cancer can feel safe but still encouraged and empowered.
In the clinic client story above, the student did their best and a skeptical but willing client followed them to the table for a very gentle session.
Afterward, I found the client resting quietly on a bench in the hallway. She was slumped against the wall and a little dazed. I asked her how it went. Smiling, she told me it had been a pretty light massage. But she acknowledged, "Even that was a little much. I feel good, but a little wiped out. Thank you for convincing me I needed lighter massage. I'm sorry I pushed it, but I get it now." "Thank you," she said again.
We don't always see such strong agreement with our gentle approach, but good communication boosts the chance that we'll get there. If we are clear within ourselves about our role and reasoning, our words come more easily. We can be present to the "craving a deep massage" moment and guide it to the best outcome. Through education, patience and understanding, we can deliver not only what our clients want, but also what they need.
Tracy Walton & Associates offers a 4-Day Intensive Course, "Oncology Massage Therapy: Caring for Clients with Cancer." Spring 2014 offerings are in Boston, Miami, Siler City, NC; Hartford, CT, and Atlanta. See the complete 2014 calendar at www.tracywalton.com/trainingschedule/trainingschedule.html. To learn more about hospital-based massage, oncology massage and other conditions, view Tracy's webinars at www.tracywalton.com/webinars/index.html.
Click here for more information about Tracy Walton, LMT, MS.
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