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Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
Thoracolumbar Syndrome: The Great Mimic
The thoracolumbar junction is a common area of joint dysfunction. The most obvious cause is dysfunctional breathing or lack of diaphragmatic breathing. Treating this breathing problem will ultimately be the long-term cure for the syndrome.
Medicalization and Mindfulness
The past several years have seen a veritable explosion of research on mindfulness. Research abstracts we've published in each issue of Health Insights Today under the heading "Mind-Body News" have increasingly reported on studies about mindfulness interventions.
Let the Patient Tell Their Story
Often when a patient presents with an injury, they want to tell their story. People by nature like to talk about themselves, particularly when they're worried about their health.
Rethinking GMO: Less Panic, More Context
Some of you may have noticed that after writing parts 1 and 2 of “Genetic Modification of Organisms for Human Consumption” a while back [Nov. 15, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014 issues], part 3 never appeared.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
If You Get a Request for Records, Respond!
In our previous two articles, we discussed two of the main reasons for denial when chiropractic records are reviewed by Medicare contractors.
The Problem With Prolonged Sitting
We need to constantly talk to our patients about spending less time sitting and about what can go wrong with poor sitting postures. The fact is we sit too long in repetitive malpositions.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
Uncle Sam Needs You
Scrutiny into the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) continues to grow after efforts to reform the DVA by the former Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Eric Shinseki, were deemed "a stunning period of dysfunction" by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
News in Brief
NBCE Launches Computer-Based Testing Era; California Chiropractors Get Expanded DOT Exam Privileges; New Jeff Hays Documentary.
Improving Our Political Effectiveness
The November 2014 elections are right around the corner; members of Congress, governors and state legislators are all running. Now is a good time to talk frankly about our overall political involvement.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
Help Secure Our Future by Sharing It
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) conducts one of the most comprehensive surveys of the U.S. chiropractic profession every 4-5 years.
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 1)
When we think of lower back pain, we tend to think in terms of the lower lumbar spine and the SI joint. These joints and their discs are obviously important. However, we tend to miss fixations that occur just above – in the upper lumbar spine. Three questions come to mind: 1) Why is the upper lumbar spine so important? 2) Why do we miss the fixations here? 3) How can we adjust them?
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
February, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 02
"Selling" Gentle Massage to Clients with Cancer
By Tracy Walton, LMT, MS
Sometimes, even the most thoughtful message, delivered with the best intentions, will disappoint a client. As a massage therapist, it can be tough to weather that moment. How do we break the news, when a client's health calls for a gentle session?
In our oncology massage clinic, a new client told us she had a long massage history. She also checked "Yes," under chemotherapy on the health form, and wrote "A little walking, light housework," under a question about activity level. She was extremely fatigued. We knew the client needed a gentle session. Yet, when asked her likes and dislikes about massage, she praised deep tissue work and asked for deep pressure and focused work in our training clinic. She said she was stiff and sore and craved a deep massage.
There it is. The Moment.
Zoom in on that "crave a deep massage" moment and you can see it teetering. It could fall anywhere. So many important things are poised: ethics, client safety, conflict, agreement, client expectations and possible disappointment, client satisfaction, the health of the therapeutic relationship and even therapist liability.
The student therapist had been coached to expect this. She channeled all the role plays we did and took a deep, centering breath. She nodded at her client and said something like, "I definitely understand the request for deep work. This time, because you are in chemotherapy, I need to work gently with you. We don't know how my work will interact with your body and your current chemotherapy treatment, so it's important to go gently with our pressure."
Clearing her throat, the therapist tried again. "There are many new things at play here. I haven't worked with you before and never during chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is strong treatment, as you know, and can bring about a 'new normal,' such as the fatigue you are experiencing. Clients in cancer treatment, even those who are used to stronger pressure, tell us that the gentler, careful work is what makes them feel better. It might take a little adjustment at first, but it can still be deeply relaxing — a great session."
At this, the client narrowed her eyes and crossed her arms. "But I don't want gentle work. It's not going to do anything for my soreness that way! You don't have to treat me like I'm going to break, just because I have cancer. I'm the same person as before."
By now, in cases like these, both the client and therapist have become tense. Not the friendliest beginning to a massage session.
Conflict and Client Expectations
Most massage therapists entered this line of work hoping to bring comfort and happiness to clients; it's tough to disappoint someone before they even get on the table. It's not a good feeling for either party. And yet, we simply can't honor all client requests, especially those that put client safety at risk. Even if they believe we are being too cautious. Even if they think we are unfairly treating them differently. I believe it is Gayle MacDonald who first stated that these situations require us to take a greater leadership role.
This is counter to the expectation of "client-centered care," and to the saying, "the customer is always right," and can even run up against our employer's expectations of us. At times, the fear of angering someone we are supposed to comfort, of losing business or the simple fear of taking an unpopular view can make us shrink from the responsibility to work gently.
Most of us aren't fans of conflict, and yet a moment of conflict can become a learning moment. It takes good skills in clinical reasoning and communication to send that moment off in the right direction. It also takes a bit of salesmanship.
Reasons to Work Gently
While the fear of massage possibly being able to spread cancer is thankfully on its way to becoming an old wives' tale in both the massage community and the lay community, there is still a long list of massage modifications for different cancer treatment presentations. In most cases, even a standard "relaxation massage" might be too much for a body to handle while going through treatment. Multiple body systems are affected during and after treatment and massage that is too forceful or taxing to the body can cause the client to feel worse physically and possibly increase their stress.
Even a client who "looks healthy" or has "good numbers" in terms of blood counts may not respond well to strong massage. There is no certain way we can truly predict what effect a massage might have on them. Sometimes, a massage might even feel wonderful on the table at the time, only to be followed with flu-like symptoms a few hours later.
In the case of the client example above, the therapist had to "dial down" a relaxation massage even further, with lighter pressure (think of the pressure you would use to rub lotion into the skin) and slower speeds. Even rhythms, gradual transitions and other factors are softened for the person in treatment.
There are many reasons to shift into this dialed-down mode and plenty of massage literature to support it. Reasons include bone metastasis, vital organ involvement and low platelets. There are strict precautions regarding pressure and direction at certain sites in cases of lymph node biopsy, radiation and DVT risk. Some cancer treatments have late effects, spanning decades after treatment, and massage adaptations are lifelong. Moreover, in a setting where little or no client health history is known, it's critical to dial down the session because of limited information.
With so many reasons to work gently during cancer treatment (and beyond) it's important to be able to communicate them to clients. But sometimes, the trickiest part is "selling" all of these points to our client who is convinced they want a vigorous massage because they don't want to settle for something "fluffy." Or they had heard that deep work would "clear the chemotherapy toxins out of their body."
The selling we must do here does not need to drum up the sound of a sleazy pitch. This is something that comes with our job as massage therapists. We are selling safe yet still effective massage to our clients and our words don't have to be creepy or uncomfortable. We do, however, use good communication wrapped in sensitivity and we assume a leadership role to deliver the message with confidence and ease.
Explaining the reasons behind dialing down the massage approach can often help to defuse some of the tension. Here are some of the phrases we use in our training:
Indeed, letting a client know what we can safely do during their session (perhaps spending extra time and a little more pressure on the feet, or a few gentle squeezes at the shoulders or a long stretch of gentle scalp massage) can ease the feeling of a long list of can't-dos and limits. The right tone can make it feel more like a friendly compromise, with still plenty of good things coming their way. Sometimes, it can be our words even more than our touch that can help the healing process along, and with that, our clients with cancer can feel safe but still encouraged and empowered.
In the clinic client story above, the student did their best and a skeptical but willing client followed them to the table for a very gentle session.
Afterward, I found the client resting quietly on a bench in the hallway. She was slumped against the wall and a little dazed. I asked her how it went. Smiling, she told me it had been a pretty light massage. But she acknowledged, "Even that was a little much. I feel good, but a little wiped out. Thank you for convincing me I needed lighter massage. I'm sorry I pushed it, but I get it now." "Thank you," she said again.
We don't always see such strong agreement with our gentle approach, but good communication boosts the chance that we'll get there. If we are clear within ourselves about our role and reasoning, our words come more easily. We can be present to the "craving a deep massage" moment and guide it to the best outcome. Through education, patience and understanding, we can deliver not only what our clients want, but also what they need.
Tracy Walton & Associates offers a 4-Day Intensive Course, "Oncology Massage Therapy: Caring for Clients with Cancer." Spring 2014 offerings are in Boston, Miami, Siler City, NC; Hartford, CT, and Atlanta. See the complete 2014 calendar at www.tracywalton.com/trainingschedule/trainingschedule.html. To learn more about hospital-based massage, oncology massage and other conditions, view Tracy's webinars at www.tracywalton.com/webinars/index.html.
Click here for more information about Tracy Walton, LMT, MS.
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