resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
February, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 02
Dealing with Fibromyalgia
By Stuart Taws
It is estimated that between two to four percent of the population are now suffering from fibromyalgia, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome and TMJ. Perhaps our massage school education did not include how to successfully deal with fibromyalgia.Massage therapists often express a lack of confidence, some fear and anxiety along with the lack of a clear program for how to go forward and help their clients diagnosed with fibromyalgia.
In 1990, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) established the definition of chronic widespread pain and the 11 of 18 tender point test to diagnose this "mystery illness." Interestingly, for most people, these points are naturally a little tender. This protocol has proved to be somewhat of a tragedy. A male MD "prodding" a female in pain looking for tender points then announcing that she has fibromyalgia has a negative downside. Once a medical practitioner determines that you have a certain condition and names it, then you get to keep it. You become like Alice in Wonderland going down the "Rabbit Hole" of a series of elaborate and sophisticated medical tests. The results confirm your symptoms and perhaps your worst fears, but along with the diagnosis there is no forward looking answer to your pain free recovery. Please note: the ACR 11-18 tender point protocol was for study criteria only and was never meant to be used as a diagnostic tool.
After decades of research, there is still no satisfactory answer by the medical profession for chronic pain syndromes. You receive prescriptions for painkillers, sleeping medication and anti-depressants. These deal with symptoms, not the cause of the condition.
When you're in pain for many years, you change physiologically. In one study by the University of California, they found that persistent stress shortened the length of the telomeres in the DNA. If stress can affect your very DNA, imagine what it can do to your sensitive molecules. Stress changes you at a molecular level. When you are in pain, life changes and you change. All the happiness of life has been put into the mortar and pestle of life, crushed like chaff and blown into the wind of despair. Sleep is continually disturbed so the REM phase, where all emotional stresses of the day are processed keeping mental health and stability, is rarely achieved.
In 1997, F. Wolf (University of Minnesota) published an article looking at some of the data collected in population-based studies. He found "that the number of tender points an individual has is highly correlated with the number of measures of distress. High threshold tender points are a sedimentation rate for distress."
In the mechanism of pain, it is observed that after injury the nervous system can delay it's response to that injury by a day, week or a month. When a person is diagnosed with cancer, the oncologist often asks what happened in their lives two years previously. When you ask a similar question of your fibromyagia clients, surprisingly I have found there was a serious illness or a vehicle accident, death in the family or a bitter divorce and custody battle over the children, all within the last two years. As the manifestation of pain is delayed, the connection is not made and falls into the mystery illness category.
"Information regarding pain is immediately transmitted from the injured tissue to the cerebral cortex," according to Dr. Linda Sorkin. Notice that pain quickly becomes a matter of the higher centers. She continues, "The peptides and injury products activate the pain fibers, sensitize and excite the nociceptors. There 'silent nociceptors' that signal well after tissue damage and that inhibition of this activity diminishes the perception of pain. There are spinal cord sensory cells, that when activated by injury refers pain to portions of the body that share these neurons, or cell cross talk. These fibers release glutamate and peptides from their central terminals and this biochemical cascade magnifies and enhances the response, becomes triggered into a long lasting spinal sensitization and the resulting hyper sensitization to pain even spills over into un-injured tissue."
This biomechanical cascade throughout the body over a period of developing hyper-sensitivity means you can have sites of pain all over where there is no injury. This understanding is vital. Similar to many MD's, some massage therapists fall into the trap of being judgmental, supposing their clients are somewhat neurotic and using an imaginary pain as a secondary benefit in life. You must always believe everything they tell you. "When they tell you the pain is real, it is real," said Dr. Daniel Clauw, Professor of Rheumatology and the director of the University of Michigan Chronic Pain and Fatigue Research Center, is the country's leading expert on Fibromyalgia and the author of many studies. "In people without pain, these structures encode pain sensations normally. In people with fibromyalgia, the neural activity is increased."
"It is time for us to move past the rhetoric about whether these conditions are real, and take these patients seriously as we endeavor to learn more about the causes and most effective treatments for these disorders," said Richard Harris, a Research Investigator.
These studies indicate that fibromyalgia patients have abnormalities within their central brain structures. Clauw states, "this is a diffuse, central problem with pain processing, a problem with the way people are processing pain or sensory information." Pain, he says, "is a miscommunication between the brain and the spine. It's as though someone has increased their volume control center, turning the volume up."
How do we use this information? The brain, spinal cord and the CNS are described as listening systems. The new neuro-sciences when referring to the brain and CNS use the expression plasticity. They are not fixed but are plastic; the input from the extremities can be changed. We do this by giving the listening systems new information and changing the direction of the input back into the higher centers. This remodels how the brain and CNS modify how they process pain.
The handmaidens of chronic pain syndromes are fear, anxiety and underlying anger. Pain in itself is harmless.
It is how the brain and CNS process and respond to perceived injury insult that cause the alarm. There is not the software to do an MRI, CAT scan, PET scan and X-Ray of the sensitive nervous system. The sensitive nervous system has gone off like a fire alarm, every fire department in the region has been mobilized, lights flashing, loud sirens piercing the night, and guess what, there is no fire! I tell the client that rightly or wrongly their "silent alarm has been tripped" and their brain and CNS believes they are under attack. They only response the body has to protect them is the inflammation response with the end result of pain.
Now here comes the tricky part, especially for a male therapist talking to women in pain. I compliment them on being so sensitive, as the truly caring and compassionate souls of this world often end up in pain. I try to change the context of the pain from not being some sort of divine punishment, but rather an unfortunate random reaction to a very stressful world. If your intention is good and kind, that shines through. When you carefully and gently suggest there is nothing physically wrong with them, rather they have a lovely kind friend deep inside trying so hard to help them, maybe too hard, they seem to accept that. Not only are you the only one that has patiently listened to them, but you also are the only one that is actually going to gently touch them for an hour, a rarity in the medical profession.
Listen to your client; but you must have a specific program in mind. If this is done seamlessly, moving back to the original site of pain briefly, there is not the time for the client to work out what you are doing, so there is a certain amount of distraction. I really like a side lying position with the client at the very end of the table. This is not working on soft tissue only; my intention is to dramatically change the input into the CNS. If you get the nervous system on your side first, then any therapy you use will be infinitely more successful.
Remember, during all this time you are talking to the sensitive nervous systems, re-assuring these delicate systems they are safe and secure and to desist in their protective mode. That is what getting the nervous system on your side first means. This is the most important part of any treatment.
Stuart Taws is a Sports Rehabilitation Therapist originally from England, now living in California. Stuart is the developer of Soft Tissue Release - the Taws Technique. For 20 years he has been teaching through Massage Schools and Weekend Workshops. For more information, visit www.softtissuerelease.com or
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